Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, “State of Japan”)

Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nippon [nip̚põ̞ɴ] or Nihon [nihõ̞ɴ]; formally 日本国 About this sound Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, “State of Japan”) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, the East China Sea, China, Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the southwest. The kanji that make up Japan’s namemean “sun origin”, and it is often called the “Land of the Rising Sun”.

Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan’s land area. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions. The population of 127 million is the world’s tenth largest. Japanese people make up 98.5% of Japan’s total population. Approximately 9.1 million people live in the core city of Tokyo,[9] the capital of Japan.

Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other regions, mainly China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, has characterized Japan’s history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shoguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor.

Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma, and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism.

The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Since adopting its revised constitution in 1947, Japan has maintained a unitary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.

Japan is a member of the UN, the G7, the G8, and the G20 and is considered a great power.[10][11][12] The country has the world’s third-largest economy by nominal GDP and the world’s fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It is also the world’s fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with the one of the highest percentage of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree.[13]

Although Japan has officially renounced its right to declare war, it maintains a modern military with the world’s eighth largest military budget,[14] used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a very high standard of living and Human Development Index whose population enjoys the highest life expectancy and the third lowest infant mortality in the world.[15][16]


Centered red circle on a white rectangle Golden circle subdivided by golden wedges with rounded outer edges and thin black outlines
Flag Imperial Seal

“His Imperial Majesty’s Reign”

Government Seal of Japan

  • Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
  • Go-Shichi no Kiri (五七桐)
and largest city
35°41′N 139°46′E
Official languages None[1]
Recognised regional languages
National languages Japanese
Ethnic groups(2011[2])
Demonym Japanese
Government Unitary parliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 • Emperor Akihito
 • Prime Minister Shinzō Abe
 • Deputy Prime Minister Tarō Asō
Legislature National Diet
 • Upper house House of Councillors
 • Lower house House of Representatives
 • National Foundation Day 11 February 660 BCE[3]
 • Meiji Constitution November 29, 1890
 • Current constitution May 3, 1947
 • San Francisco
Peace Treaty
April 28, 1952
 • Total 377,972.28 km2[4] (62nd)
145,935.91 sq mi
 • Water (%) 0.8
 • 2015 census 127,110,047[5] (10th)
 • Density 340.8/km2 (36th)
882.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 • Total $4.901 trillion[6] (4th)
 • Per capita $38,731[6] (29th)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
 • Total $4.412 trillion[6] (3rd)
 • Per capita $34,871[6] (25th)
Gini (2008) 37.6[7]
medium · 76th
HDI (2014) Increase 0.891[8]
very high · 20th
Currency Yen (¥) / En (JPY)
Time zone JST (UTC+9)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+9)
Date format
  • yyyy-mm-dd
  • yyyy年m月d日
  • Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
Drives on the left
Calling code +81
ISO 3166 code JP
Internet TLD .jp

From Wikipedia


Wikipedia link



Tae Kim’s Guide to Learning Japanese: Learn Japanese



Japan Travel and Living Guide



Japan – Lonely Planet



Videos of Japan from Vimeo







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